If you are trying to get pregnant, you should begin to take into account the use of certain techniques that could help you determine the sex of your baby. Many couples will want to have a baby, while others will dream of having a baby. As a result, some of these couples will try to increase their chances of having a baby of the sex they want.
In the past, the only methods available to improve her chances of giving birth to a baby of a certain sex were based on old stories and beliefs reported by wives; Which gave rise to different results. Currently, however, couples may be able to choose the sex of their babies with a truly amazing degree of accuracy.
Known as gender selection, these techniques are receiving increasing attention, and there is also fervent discussion about the importance and necessity of using them; Taking into account the moral and ethical implications that these techniques entail.
What Is The Known Technique With The Gender Selection Name?
Gender selection is a term used to catalog any kind of procedure used to increase your chances of having a baby of a specific sex.
It is also known as a sex selection technique, and several couples are considering – at present – the use of this method along with different treatments for fertility, in order to increase their chances of conceiving a little girl or a boy.
In order to give life to a baby, they must fertilize their eggs with the spermatozoa provided by their partner. It should be noted that all the eggs carry the chromosomes known as X chromosomes, while the sperm can carry an X chromosome or a Y chromosome.
If a sperm that had an X chromosome came to fertilize an egg, your baby would be a little girl; On the contrary, if a sperm that carried a Y chromosome was the one that fertilized the ovum, its baby would be a boy. Usually you will have a 50% chance of conceiving a girl and 50% chance of conceiving a boy. Sex selection techniques will increase your chances of having a baby of the sex you have previously determined.
The Background To Gender Selection
Gender selection is not a product of modern times. It has been used for several centuries, and could be identified in the times of Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece.
In the past, gender selection information was based on practices that were not scientific, such as: sexual positions, specific times for sex, and the preparation of specific foods. In recent years, new technologies have been developed that make the gender selection process much more effective. In our day, couples can actually increase their chances of having a baby of a certain sex through a number of specially developed procedures to improve fertility.
Reasons for Recourse to Gender Selection
You may be wondering why a couple might be interested in choosing your baby’s gender / gender. Well, there are – in fact – a lot of common reasons why a couple would try to increase their chances of having a girl or a boy.
Some of these reasons focus on the economic, social, or cultural benefits that could bring about the fact of giving birth to a baby of a certain gender.
Among other common reasons why a couple might decide to choose gender, the following may be included:
- Prevent Genetic Diseases: Some couples decide to choose the sex of their babies in order to prevent themselves from contracting certain genetic disorders. Some genetic diseases, such as hemophilia and muscular dystrophy, develop mostly in children, which is why several couples decide to have a baby; And thus prevent it from suffering this kind of diseases of the male sex.
- Family Reconstruction: Couples who have lost a child may decide to rebuild their family by having a baby of the same sex as the child they have lost. These couples, very often, resort to these procedures for the sex selection of future babies.
- Balance The Family: Couples – many times – choose sex to balance their families. This means that these couples, who have already had a child of a particular sex, will now try to have a baby of the opposite sex.
Procedures For Gender Selection
There are currently three types of treatments available that could help couples choose the sex of their babies.
The Gradient Method
The Gradient method consists of a sperm sorting procedure, which is carried out in several fertility clinics. In this method, the sperm will be placed in a centrifuge, which will spin at high speeds.
This particular process will contribute to separate the spermatozoa that carry an X chromosome of those that carry a Y chromosome; Which will contain more genetic material, will weigh more; And because of these reasons they will be located in the bottom part of the test tube / probe during the rotation process. This will allow spermatozoa of a specific genus to be selected and then be used during IUI treatments.
The Gradient method has been criticized for providing undesirable results. Nevertheless, its price and the degree of simplicity of the same attract many couples.
Flow Cytometry (MicroSort)
Flow cytometry is also a spermartic classification process, and is implemented under the trade name MicroSort. In flow cytometry a special fluorescent dye is used to identify spermatozoa carrying an X chromosome. This dye will adhere to the DNA material contained in sperm cells.
And, because sperm that carry an X chromosome contain more DNA than those carrying a Y chromosome, they will absorb more dye. This process will allow your reproductive endocrinologist to identify and separate the female sperm from the male sperm.
Once the smears have been appropriately classified, they may be used in different IUD or IVF procedures. Flow cytometry has high success rates, giving you 60-70% chance of conceiving a baby of the sex you would have wanted.
Genetic Preimplantation Diagnosis (PGD)
The DGP is the most effective method used to select the sex of their unborn baby. PGD is an extremely complex procedure in which the DNA from the embryos will be analyzed in order to determine the sex of the embryos. The embryos will be created in a laboratory, using the sperm samples provided by the future father and the eggs that have been extracted from the future mother.
The next step will be to leave them to divide naturally for a period of three days, after which, the fertility specialist who is attending will be responsible for extracting a cell from each embryo. These cells will be analyzed exhaustively to check their DNA and the genetic material of the same and to be able to determine the sex of their embryos.
The sex embryos that you and your partner would have chosen will be implanted in your womb. PGD is the most effective and accurate method of gender selection, giving you a 99% chance to conceive a baby of the sex you would have wanted.