The term neuropathy is used to describe the medical condition resulting from the nerves does not work. When the nervous system does not function properly, it leads to several complications.
Thus, neuropathy is not classified as a single disease. Instead, it is known for the affected nerve or the location of the injured or damaged nerves and underlying cause leading to neuropathy. For example, nerve damage in diabetes is known as diabetic neuropathy, while the inability of nerves to communicate with muscles is called peripheral neuropathy.
Types of Neuropathy
Simply speaking, peripheral neuropathy occurs when nerves in the brain or spinal cord work properly, but nerves in the limbs such as the toes, fingers, hands, arms, legs, etc. Are injured or damaged for any reason. Complications resulting from nerve damage in the thigh, hips, or gluteal areas are known as proximal neuropathy. The nerves extending to these external organs are very important part of the central nervous system and any injury or damage to them can initiate a process of decomposition of the central nervous system.
There are twelve nerves that come out of the brain and serve as a direct link to the body parts. These nerves are known as the cranial nerves. When any of these cranial nerves are injured or damaged, the resulting complication is called cranial neuropathy. Optical and auditory neuropathy is a rather specific type of cranial neuropathy leading to visual and auditory impairment. The occurence of Optic neuropathy begins when the nerves that link the retina to the brain are damaged while auditory neuropathy is caused by an injury or damage to the nerve that transmits auditory signals from the inner ear to the brain.
When the nerves that comprise the involuntary nervous system are injured or damaged, the complication is called autonomic neuropathy. Involuntary nervous system is responsible for controlling heart rate, blood pressure, circulation, transpiration, digestion, sexual response, intestinal and bladder function and involuntary response. Autonomic neuropathy can affect many organs of the body.
There is another nerve pain problem named focal neuropathy in which a single nerve or a number of nerves are affected and complications occurs to the specific parts of the body, It is harmful as it occurs suddenly without giving any chance to use preventive measures.
Causes of Neuropathy
There are a number of factors, such as infections, illnesses, accidents and even vitamin deficiency that can cause nerve damage or injury. However, the following conditions are known as the most common cause of neuropathy :
Diabetes: Most cases of neuropathy occur because of the level of sugar in the bloodstream. Diabetic neuropathy becomes severe in patients suffering from high blood pressure, obesity, high blood lipids or failing to control their sugar level.
Vitamin Deficiencies: Nerve damage can occur when people undergo the long duration of fasting or suffer from vitamin deficiencies, particularly B12, folic acid and other B-complex vitamins.
Infection: Debilitating diseases or infections like leprosy, syphilis, HIV and Lyme disease can lead to nerve damage.
Alcoholic Neuropathy: It is well known that high levels of alcohol in the bloodstream can lead to peripheral neuropathy.
Prescription Drugs or Medications: The side effects of certain medications such as metronidazole (Flagyl), isoniazole (Laniazid, Nydrazid), cancer drugs vincristine (brands Oncovin and Vincasar) and several antibiotics can damage the nerves.
Accidents or Injuries: Neuropathy can occur from accidents or serious injury to the nerves. In case of trauma, pressure on a nerve or group of nerves for longer durations or decreased blood circulation (ischemia) to the nerves can lead to neuropathy.
Symptoms of Neuropathy
Whatever its shape, characteristic symptoms often appear in people who are prone to developing neuropathy. These neuropathy symptoms may vary depending on the severity of the neuropathy or its complications, and therefore, the symptoms may not appear in some patients during the initial stages. However, some common symptoms appear in all people who are prone to developing neuropathy. Loss of sensory nerves is the classic example of peripheral neuropathy. During the early stages, patients experience tingling, numbness, loss of feeling or pain that worsens over time. Little by little, all arms or legs are affected. They may even fail to judge the joint position and suffer from clumsiness or recurring falls. Contrary to numbness, extreme sensitivity to touch is also reported by some patients.
In medical terminology, tingling or numbness of the skin is known as paresthesia. Other complications such as sores or blisters on the feet occur when patients feel no pain or sensation due to loss of sensory nerve. In some cases, these blisters or ulcers may develop secondary infections involving deeper tissues or bones. Even amputation of the arms or legs may be required in severe complications of peripheral neuropathy.
Treatment of Neuropathy
The established line of treatment for neuropathy patients involves careful management of the associated complications in addressing the major cause of nerve damage or injury, if possible. This includes medications to address issues such as autoimmune disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, kidney problems and vitamin deficiencies as applicable under underlying conditions. In many cases, adequate resolution of underlying diseases or causes can halt their progress and not even relieve patients from Symptoms of neuropathy.
In the event that a nerve is trapped or compressed by tumor, slip disk or other conditions, surgical operations are required to address the problem. Neuropathy treatment medications are often prescribed to provide some relief from pain or other symptoms seen in neuropathy such as Nerve Renew that helps to relief your nerve pain. it is a legitimate product, not a scam. So you can use it easily. However, patients with severe neuropathy conditions may require combination chemotherapy to successfully address the complications associated with neuropathy. Combination therapies can produce impressive results in controlling joint deformities or relieving pain, but the careless administration of these drugs can further aggravate the already damaged nerves.